Celtic Gods and Goddesses


(Continental) Also Nantsovelta. Her Breton name is Nataseuelta. She is a river Goddess from Celtic Gaul whose name means "of the meandering stream". The root of her name nant is the modern Welsh word for stream.

Some sources claim that her consort was Sucellos, a river God, about whom nothing survives except his name. She is depicted carrying a cornucopia, and was probably also a fertility/prosperity Goddess, and a personification of the waters of the cauldron of rebirth.
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(Scottish) A Pictish king who sought the hand of the Goddess Triduana, both because she was beautiful, and because he wished to control his Celtic neighbors through her. He was a water deity, and in some legends is the husband of the Irish river Goddess Boann.
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(Breton, Anglo-Celtic) {steerswoman} Primarily associated with protection of travelers over the sea. Her known temple locations are always on the coast, and surviving inscriptions often praise her for successfully completed voyages, or implore her for similar journeys to come. She is invariably associated with a large dog as a companion. She has occasionally been conflated with the Roman Goddess Fortuna.
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(Anglo-Celtic, Continental) {she of the sacred grove} A Continental Deity revered during Roman times; her name may be cognate with the Irish Valkyrie Nemain, and in fact the Romans seem to have regarded her as having some connection with Mars.

Her name derives from the Gaulish word nemeton, meaning "sacred space". She is the guardian deity of all sacred places such as circles or magickal groves. (!)

A shrine to her was erected at Bath, England, where she was depicted as seated and surrounded by three hooded figures and a ram. The three figures represent the Triple Goddess and the ram is a male fertility symbol often linked to Cernunnos, the Horned God. Call upon Nemetona to bless your circle and for bestowing protection on all your sacred spaces.
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(Scottish) "Divine"; "Brilliant". A Samhain witch-goddess; equated with the Roman Goddess Diana. In Scotland she is said to ride through the night with her followers at Samhain. During the Middle Ages she was called Dame Habonde, Abundia, Satia, Bensozie, Zobiana, and Herodiana.

Also: Nicneven
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(Welsh, Cornish) See Vivienne. A Celtic Moon Goddess; also called Morgan.
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(Welsh, Anglo-Celtic) Also Nodens, Nodonti, and Nodente. A sea God equated with Poseiden, rather than Manannan or Neptune, also thought to be the same as the death and river God Llud.

Libations were given to him at his sacred sites where he as worshipped by both the invading Romans and the native populace. The Romans build him a shrine on the banks of the Severn where he was pictured as youthful with a shine around his head like a halo, and flying near him were his faery hosts. The Britons gave him a shrine overlooking the Thames where he was depicted as being beardless (the Roman influence) and driving a chariot while holding the reins and scepter. Near him were a fisherman hooking a salmon, and other marine animals. Shell trumpets were blown to honor him.

"He who bestows wealth"; "Silver Hand"; "The Cloud Maker"; chieftain-god. He had an invincible sword, one of the four great treasures of the Tuatha. God of healing, water, ocean, fishing, the Sun, sailing, childbirth, dogs, youth, beauty, spears and slings, smiths, carpenters, harpers, poets, historians, sorcerers, writing, magic, warfare, incantations.
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A consort of Arianrhod about whom nothing is known but his name. The name itself translates as "sky" or "firmament", indicating that he was likely once a father Sky God.
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(Breton, Continental) An ancient earth Goddess from Celtic Gaul about whom nothing else is known. She may have originally been Roman.
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(Scottish, Irish) [OHG-mah or OW-ma] The God of communication and writing who invented the Ogham Alphabet and gave it to the Druids. He is sometimes thought of as the patron deity of poets. Writing was considered a very sacred and holy act by many early people including the Celts. It is for this reason that the Celts had a strong oral tradition, even among their magickal folk, as very little was believed safe to commit to paper.

Aside from Oghma's literary association, he was a warrior of Tara who fought with Llugh against the Fomorians. He was also given a role in myth of helping to escort the recently dead to the Otherworld.

He had two nicknames which tell much about his character. One was Cermait, which means "the honey-mouthed", relating to the Irish gift of gab known as blarney, and the other is Grianainech, "the sunny-faced", believed to come from his great wisdom.

Ogmios was the Continental name for Oghma where his principal role was that of combatant. An inscription saying "Ogmia" was also found in the north of England.
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(Welsh) [O-loon] Also Olwyn. A daughter of the king of the Giants, Ysbadadden. Her name means "the golden wheel", which makes some see her as an opposing force to Arianrhod of "the silver wheel". Her other nickname was "Lady of the White Tracks" because wherever she walked the trefoil plants commonly called shamrocks would pop up. This indicated that she may have been a Triple Goddess unto herself with several other associations long lost to us.

The hero Culhwch was a suitor of Olwen's who went on a mythic journey to find her after her father, who knew he would die if their marriage took place, hid her. In this part of the myth she is the May Queen, a partner of the new sacrificial God who takes the place of the old one

Olwen also had adventures in faeryland after she was captured by horse riding faeries. She was rescued by her father after a year and a day of captivity. (May Queens are often linked to the faery kingdom.)
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(Pan-Celtic) See Eostre
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(Welsh) [PREE-dair-ee] The son of Pwyll and Rhiannon. He is stolen away as a newborn infant by a nameless fiend who, on a horse-thieving expedition, drops him once more into the world when it is struck a blow by the guardian of the horses. Note the equine connection with his mother, Rhiannon.

Pryderi took Bran's in conflict with Matholwch, and was one of the seven survivors of that battle. He married Kicva, and was friends with Manannan after he married Rhiannon. He even offered Manannan part of his kingdom of Dyfed (now Pembrokeshire) when Manannan was dispossessed of his undersea realm.

While the four of them were at a banquet, a great desolation overtook the land, and they set out on a series of quests to reverse it. The curse was laid by Llew. When the foursome were successful in their quest, Llew lifted the enchantment, promising never again to blight the land of Dyfed. (This story can be equated with most of the world's flood/deluge myths).

Archetypally, Pryderi represents the dark forces in opposition to, and as a part of, the light. He lost in the Battle of the Trees (Gwyddion was victorious), and is equated with King Pelles who lost the Grail to the archetypal forces of light.
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(Welsh) [POO-ul] Ruler of the Otherworld at times. Lord of Arberth. Father of Pryderi, Husband of Rhiannon, trusted associate of Arawn as related in the first book of the Mabinogion.

Pwyll claimed ownership of a stag not felled by his own hounds. When caught in the act by Arawen, king of the Otherworld, he was very contrite and asked how he could repay the transgression. Arawen said that he wished for Pwyll to go to the Otherworld and take his place in fighting Havagan, his rival. To make the task easier, Arawen even agreed to work a spell to make Pwyll appear as Arawen to all who looked upon him.

Pwyll not only accepted the task and kept his work, but did not violate Arawen's wife for the year and a day he was there, and he ruled well and justly. Arawen so marveled at this friendship that they became as close as brothers, and Arawen bestowed on him the title of Pen Annwyn, the 'head of Annwn'.

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