SiO2 with impurities
A translucent form of chalcedony quartz with a uniform red, reddish-orange to reddish-brown color. The red color comes from iron impurities in the quartz structure, to change a carnelian's color from brownish to red the stone may be left in the sun.
Carnelian derives it's name from the Latin word for berry or cherry, cornum. The best carnelian is said to come from India but it can be found all over the world, from California to Brazil, Uruguay, as well as India. Most inexpensive stones labeled "carnelian" are actually stained chalcedony quartz, know your dealer before buying.
Lore & History:
Carnelian has a long history of being a stone that would protect its wearer from negative emotions. It was worn by Mohammed, Napoleon I, and Napolean III for this reason. Said to be one of the stones worn in the breastplates of ancient high priests. It is traditionally carved into insignia stones because it won't stick to wax. In the 1700's it was said to bring good luck, protection, and comfort. It is still worn for good luck in the Near East.
Helps asthma, lowers blood pressure, eases menstrual cramps and arthritis, aids ailments of the kidneys, gall bladder and pancreas, lowers fevers and stimulates the appetite.
Protective, worn to protect one from negative emotions, such as anger, jealousy or envy, rage, adn fear-related emotions. Said to help remove sorrow from ones condition. Carnelian brings an awareness that love is all that one can offer, and that offering that love will bring many benefits in return. Said to stimulate analytical abilities and attention to detail, as well as awakening of inherant talents. It is also believed to help in the flow of creative energies, thus being helpful for those in the arts and entertainment industry. Helps to calm fear of death and rebirth, bringing serenity and acceptance of the great circle of life.