King of Crystals; Stone of Invulnerability; King Gem
C (elemental carbon)
10 (the hardest substance known)
Diamonds actually come in many colors but the one's we're most familiar with are clear crystals with incredible sparkle and "fire" inside.
Most people know that diamonds are the hardest substance found in nature but did you know diamonds are four times harder than corundum (sapphire and ruby), the next hardest stones? But even as hard as they are they do have one weakness, or should I say four? Diamonds have four direction of cleavage, meaning if one received a sharp blow in one of these directions it will split. It takes a skilled diamond cutter and setter to ensure that the stone is shaped and set in a position where one of these weak points will be protected during normal wear.
Diamonds are a form of elemental carbon, the foundation of all life on earth. Perfect crystals are extremely rare and most will have a slight flaw somewhere inside. These flaws are generally minute traces of non-crystallized carbon or internal stress fractures called 'inclusions', luckily most of these aren't apparent to the naked eye. Perfect clarity means that no inclusions are visible when the diamond is viewed under a 10X lens. The clarity grading scale includes FL for flawless; VS for very slight inclusions; SI for slight inclusions; and I for imperfect. SI diamonds usually appear perfect to the naked eye, only when viewed under a strong lens are the inclusions appparent.
Lore & History:
Diamond" comes from the Greek adamao, transliterated as "adamao," "I tame" or "I subdue." The adjective "adamas" was used to describe the hardest substance known, and eventually became synonymous with diamond. It is difficult to determine at what point in history the hardest known substance become diamond. "Adamas" may have previously referred to the next hardest mineral, corundum -- the gem variety is sapphire -- or to something else altogether. Tracing the history of diamond is complicated by this problem with names.
Knowledge of the diamond and the origin of its many conations (sic) start in India, where it was first mined. The word most generally used for diamond in Sanskrit is transliterated as vajra, "thunderbolt," and indrayudha, "Indra's weapon." Because Indra is the warrior god from Vedic scriptures, the foundation of Hinduism, the thunderbolt symbol indicates much about the Indian conception of the diamond. The flash of lightning is a suitable comparison for the light thrown off by a fine diamond octahedron and a diamond's indomitable hardness. Early descriptions of vajra date to the 4th century BCE that is supported by archaeological evidence. By that date diamond was a valued material. The presence of diamonds in Rome by about 100 CE is established by the writings of Pliny the Elder (23--79 CE), by sapphire engravings, and by talismanic diamond rings.
Curiously, early Chinese references to diamonds cite their coming from Rome in iron scribes. Chinese interest in diamonds was strictly as an engraving or carving tool, primarily for jade, or as a drill for beads and pearls.
Diamonds began appearing in European regalia and jewelry in the 13th and 14th centuries. Diamonds disappeared from Europe for nearly 1,000 years after the rise of Christianity. Roman talismanic and Eastern magical symbolism rendered diamond abhorrent to the rising new religion.
Despite its physical absence, the diamond survived conceptually, as the Middle Ages witnessed a rediscovery and reinterpretation of early writings on stones. Medieval treatises called lapidaries presented the qualities of different stones; their power; their efficacy as medicine, poison, or antidote; whether they could reproduce; and sundry other properties. Lapidaries were written until the Age of Enlightenment, in the 18th century.
Marbode, Bishop of Rennes (1061--1081), wrote "De gemmarum," on the spiritual and medicinal attributes of gems. In a book lacking in the expected Christian symbolism, Marbode describes the diamond: "This stone has aptitude for magical arts, indomitable virtues it provides the bearer, nocturnal spirits and bad dreams it repels, black poisons flee, disputes and screams are changed. Cures insanity, strikes hard against enemies. For these purposes the stone should be set in silver, armored in gold, and fastened to the left arm."
Diamonds were believed to render their owners courageous and fearless. Thus nobles like Cosimo the Elder, Florence (1389-1464), Henry II of France (1519 -- 59), and perhaps the Dukes of Burgundy used them as symbols in rings and even wore them into battle.
Specific Properties of colored diamonds:
Clear: bond relationships, encourage innocence, love, longevity, balance, clarity, profundity, abundance, courage, purity, hope and discernment. Helps one get to the essence of things.
Black: Helps to grant the courage to look within ourselves without illusions.
Blue: Helps to inspire us to take better care of our health and helps strengthen the will.
Pink: Fosters Creative Expression (great stone for an artist of any kind)
Yellow (also called Canary): Encorages thoughtfulness and consideration of others.
Diamonds are used to balance the metabolism, de-toxify the body, and strengthen ones eyesight.
Diamonds, being perfect forms of carbon, are the purest expression of earth's energy. Diamonds are also connected with the non-physical planes, as evidenced by their unparalleled ability to refract light of all colors. Thus the diamond is a bridge or link between the physical and spiritual realms.
Diamonds are great conductors of energy, both physically and spiritually. They are said to amplify whatever energy the wearer is experiencing. This means that anyone depressed should not wear this stone.
Because of diamonds unique powers of light reflection, this stone is incredible at cleansing all of the chakras, as well as all the layers of the aura. Diamonds are associated with the 7th, or crown, chakra. It allows us to connect with the pure love of the universe.
Diamonds are often used in a metaphor for our human process of becoming refined, cut and polished: to be a perfect manifestation of light in the physical world.
Because of its durability and purity, the diamond is often given as engagement, wedding, and anniversary gifts as a commitment to never-ending love. The diamond is also known as the stone of reconciliation
Aries Birthstone; Alternate Birthstone for August, September and November; Stone for teh 30th and 60th anniversary; Diamond Jewelry for 10th anniversary; State Gem of Arkansas; Seasonal Gem for Winter; Universal Symbol of Love
Where to Wear for best results:
Finger or Temple; said to be particulary lucky to Aries people when worn on the left side of the body.